Facts and Figures – Diversity
Diversity - recent publications
- Londoners by Country of Birth
Briefing number: 2008-05
This briefing presents a demographic profile of Londoners by country of birth, based on estimates from the 2006 Annual Population Survey (APS). The report focuses on those born outside the UK and their characteristics, including data on ethnicity, nationality and year of arrival. Importantly, the report also discusses the strengths and limitations of APS estimates relating to London's migrant population.
Londoners by Country of Birth PDF
Londoners by Country of Birth RTF
GLA 2007 Round Ethnic Group Population Projections
Briefing number: 2008-03
The briefing reports headline results from GLA 2007 Round of ethnic group population projections and is an update to the 2006 Round of ethnic group population projections. Analysis covers ethnic composition of the projected population up to 2026, projected ethnicity changes in terms of the population age structure as well as projected changes to the ethnic composition of the working age population. These projections are consistent with the GLA 2007 Round of Demographic Projections.
GLA 2007 Round Ethnic Group Population Projections PDF (715KB)
GLA 2007 Round Ethnic Group Population Projections RTF (215Kb)
Employment rates by ethnic group
Update number: 01-2008
Employment rates are a key measure of labour market participation and they vary considerably according to ethnic group. While the 2001 Census undoubtedly provides the most detailed and reliable information on this subject, there is a need for more up to date estimates to inform various GLA monitoring programmes. This Update aims to fill this gap by presenting the latest data from the Annual Population Survey (APS) on ethnic differentials in employment rates, along with advice on their limitations and interpretation.
Employment rates by ethnic group PDF (51Mb)
Employment rates by ethnic group RTF (124Kb)
Key Facts for Diverse Communities: Ethnicity and Faith
Briefing number: 2007-16
This briefing brings together a range of demographic and socio-economic information for London's diverse residents according to ethnicity and faith. Each profile covers common variables such as demography, education, employment, poverty and housing and allows for easy comparison between ethnic groups and faith groups.
Key Facts for Diverse Communities: Ethnicity and Faith PDF (3Mb)
Key Facts for Diverse Communities: Ethnicity and Faith RTF (353Kb)
ONS ethnic group estimates
DMAG Update 20-2007
On 11 October, ONS published annual population estimates (experimental statistics) by ethnic group for mid-2005 and revised estimates for mid-2002 to mid-2004. these estimates are consistent with ONS mid-year estimates published on the 22nd August 2007 and are the first to reflect changes in the ONS international migration methodology. This Update analyses the estimates for London and the London boroughs with particular emphasis on the ethnic impact of the new international migration methodology.
GLA 2007 DMAG Update 20-2007 PDF (174Kb)
GLA 2007 DMAG Update 20-2007 RTF (17Kb)
GLA 2006 Round Ethnic Group Population Projections
DMAG Briefing 2007-14
This Briefing presents output for the projected population of London by ethnic group. It also describes the methodology used in producing the projections.
GLA 2006 Round Ethnic Group Population Projections PDF (685Kb)
GLA 2006 Round Ethnic Group Population Projections RTF (173Kb)
GLA 2005 Round Interim Ethnic Group Population Projections
DMAG Briefing 2006-22
This Briefing provides a summary of analysis of output from the 2005 Round of Ethnic Group Population Projections for London boroughs. These are the first projections since the release of 2001 Census data. Ethnic categories are based on the 2001 Census categories however output is not available all for 16 categories. The appendix includes a brief methodology.
GLA 2005 Round Interim Ethnic Group Population Projections PDF (1.3MB)
GLA 2005 Round Interim Ethnic Group Population Projections RTF (156KB)
2001 Census profile: the Jewish population of London
DMAG Briefing 2006-27
This year British Jewry is celebrating a 350th anniversary of particular importance – Oliver Cromwell’s invitation to the Jews to return to Britain. This briefing helps provide a demographic picture of the Jewish community in twenty-first century London, made possible by the fact that data on the Jewish religion was collected for the first time in the 2001 Census. This report finds that it is a well-established community that accounts for nearly sixty per cent of all Jewish people in England and Wales.
Jewish population of London PDF (3.0MB)
Jewish population of London RTF (207KB)
The Census Language Needs Indicator; A comparison with Labour Force Survey data
DMAG Briefing 2006-31
There is some data available from the 2001 Census that can be used as a proxy for possible language needs. The Office for National Statistics call it a ‘Language Needs Indicator’ (LNI) and is based on the principle of whether a person (or their HRP) was born in a country where English is not the first language. This briefing compares the LNI with Labour Force Survey data on language and shows that in London, over a third of people are included in the LNI.
The Census Language Needs Indicator PDF (621KB)
The Census Language Needs Indicator RTF (61KB)
National Insurance Registrations of overseas nationals in London
DMAG Briefing 2006-24
The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) recently released a dataset containing details of National Insurance Number (NINo) registrations for foreign nationals. The data relates to the four years 2002/2003 to 2005/2006. This report analyses inflows of migrant workers, focussing mainly on London and the Boroughs and migrants from the accession (A8) countries.
National Insurance Registrations of overseas nationals in London PDF (1.1MB)
National Insurance Registrations of overseas nationals in London RTF (131KB)
A profile of Londoners by Language: An analysis of Labour Force Survey data on first language
DMAG Briefing 2006-26
This Briefing profiles the demographic and labour market characteristics of Londoners who use a first language other than English in the home. The analysis is based on data from the Labour Force Survey.
A profile of Londoners by Language PDF (1.1MB)
A profile of Londoners by Language RTF (935KB)
London Country of Birth summary
DMAG Update 2006-09, April 06
This update aims to answer the question where London residents were born. Information is provided by continent, individual countries and the percentage born in the UK. The data comes from a 2001 Census Commissioned Table.
London Country of Birth summary PDF (368KB)
London Country of Birth summary RTF (698KB)
London borough residents by country of birth
DMAG Briefing 2006-4, March 2006
The reports presents tables, bar charts and maps showing the concentrations of London borough residents by country of birth. This report presents information from 172 countries.
The complete report is too big to be published on this website and is available on CD by contacting firstname.lastname@example.org. A version of the report (without maps) is available to download below.
Borough residents by country of birth PDF (888KB)
Borough residents by country of birth RTF (44KB)
Greater London Demographic Review 2004
DMAG Briefing 2005-45, February 2006
This Briefing summarises recent demographic statistics, comparing data for London with national figures.
Greater London Demographic Review 2004 PDF (450KB)
Greater London Demographic Review 2004 RTF (201KB)
Simpson's diversity indices by ward 1991 and 2001
DMAG Briefing 2006-2, January 2006
This briefing analyses ethnic diversity by ward in both London and England and Wales in 1991 and 2001. Ethnic diversity is statistically measured using Simpson's diversity index scores. This briefing was published to co-incide with the European Cities Against Racism conference held at City Hall on 10th November 2005. It paints a picture of the wide diversity of London's population, which is a truly multi-cultural society.
Simpson's diversity indices PDF
Simpson's diversity indices RTF
London: the world in a city
DMAG Briefing 2005-6, February 2005
This report contains a demographic analysis of the ethnic group, country of birth and religion of Londoners from 2001 Census data. It describes the size and location of different groups, their age and sex structure, and the relationship between ethnicity, country of birth and religion.
London: the world in a city PDF (4.3MB)
London: the world in a city RTF (23KB)
London's changing population
DMAG Briefing 2005-39, December 2005
London is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the world. Over recent decades the demography of London has altered considerably and is currently still rapidly changing. This briefing provides analysis of the changing population of London, and compares the differences in ethnic group concentrations between 1991 and 2001. There is a focus on ethnic diversity at ward level using Simpson’s diversity index, which compares the ethnic diversity of young people by ward with the population overall and looks at change between the last two censuses. Finally, the report aims to identify whether there are any areas in London that demonstrate ethnic segregation.
London's changing population PDF (2.2MB)
London's changing population RTF (83KB)
The migration patterns of London's ethnic groups
DMAG Briefing 2005-30, December 2005
Migration has a significant impact on the structure of London's population. Every year hundreds of thousands of people move into London, and hundreds of thousands of people leave. Migration is the key to the continued position of London as an economic and cultural powerhouse. Some ethnic groups are growing considerably from international migration whilst other groups are growing more from migration in from the rest of England & Wales. Many Londoners who move choose to stay within London and the movement of people from borough to borough is also changing the demography of London.
Migration patterns of London's ethnic groups PDF (1.4MB)
Migration patterns of London's ethnic groups RTF (114KB)
DMAG Update 2005-12, December 2005
This Update aims to highlight the extent to which people live with or marry people from other ethnic groups in England. It examines different ethnic groups, looking at both men and women to assess the degree to which people co-habit and marry outside their own ethnic groups. Finally it looks at 1991 data to assess changes over time.
Inter-ethnic unions PDF (41KB)
Inter-ethnic unions RTF (23KB)
Patterns of Ethnic Segregation in London
DMAG Briefing 2005/38, October 2005
The Briefing presents a spatial analysis of 1991 and 2001 Census data for London using accepted measures of segregation. The findings show no extreme polarised areas (commonly referred to as ghettos) in London in both 1991 and 2001.
Patterns of Ethnic Segregation in London PDF (3.6MB)
Patterns of Ethnic Segregation in London RTF (38KB)
Ethnic groups by London borough
DMAG Update 2005/09, September 2005
This DMAG update provides a brief summary of the numbers and percentages in each ethnic group by London borough using 2001 Census data. A summary of other DMAG ethnicity briefings is also included.
Ethnic groups by London borough PDF (219KB)
Ethnic groups by London borough RTF (753KB)
DMAG Briefing 2005/21, August 2005
The Briefing considers the way ethnicity varies between infants and their parents in London using data from the 2001 Census. It looks at the dynamic nature of diversity in the capital, in particular the diversity of young Londoners who have a different ethnicity from their parents.
Transgenerational Ethnicity PDF (1.8MB)
Transgenerational Ethnicity RTF (121KB)
Religious Diversity Indices
DMAG Briefing 2005/26, August 2005
The Briefing considers religious diversity using the data from the 2001 Census. It explores a measure of diversity using the application of diversity indices to Greater London and local authorities and wards in England and Wales. Religious diversity index rankings are given for these areas.
Religious Diversity Indices PDF (3.1MB)
Religious Diversity Indices RTF (146KB)
London Country of Birth Profiles - The Arab League
DMAG Briefing 2005/19, June 2005
The aim of this briefing is to present a picture of people living in London and where they were born in the Arab world. It shows the diverse make-up of London, with its cosmopolitan residents living together in a vibrant and multi-cultural world city. The analysis is based on the 2001 Census statistics on country of birth.
London Country of Birth Profiles - The Arab League PDF (1.55MB)
London Country of Birth Profiles - The Arab League (introduction only) RTF (10KB)
Ethnic Diversity Indices
DMAG Briefing 2005/12, March 2005
This Briefing explores a measure of ethnic diversity using the application of diversity indices to Greater London and local authorities and wards in England and Wales. Diversity index rankings are given for these areas.
Ethnic Diversity Indices PDF (3.8MB)
Ethnic Diversity Indices RTF (87KB)
2001 Census Profiles: Pakistanis in London
DMAG Briefing 2005/4, February 2005
The London Pakistani population represents one fifth of the national Pakistani population and Pakistanis make up two per cent of the population of London. This Briefing gives a detailed statistical profile of Pakistanis living in London using Census data.
Pakistanis in London PDF (811KB)
Pakistanis in London RTF (172KB)
Country of Birth and Labour Market Outcomes in London. An analysis of Labour Force Survey and Census data
DMAG Briefing 2005/1, January 2005
This report presents data about how the labour market outcomes of Londoners vary according to their country of origin. The report provides detailed analysis of the employment patterns of different migrant groups including analysis of: employment rates; unemployment rates, reasons for non-employment, employment patterns and pay levels.
Country of Birth and Labour Market PDF (1.1MB)
Country of Birth and Labour Market RTF (1.4MB)
Country of Birth and Labour Market Executive Summary PDF (1.6MB)
Country of Birth and Labour Market Executive Summary RTF (416KB)
2001 Census Profiles: Bangladeshis in London
DMAG Briefing 2004/16, August 2004
Over two per cent of the London population are in the Bangladeshi ethnic group. This Briefing gives a detailed statistical profile of Bangladeshis living in London using Census data.
2001 Census Profiles: Bangladeshis in London PDF (2.22MB)
2001 Census Profiles: Bangladeshis in London RTF (138KB)
2001 Ethnic Groups in London and other districts
DMAG Briefing 2003-23, October 2003
This briefing presents statistics on ethnic and religious groups for London and other districts from the 2001 Census. It is mainly in the form of tabulations.
2001 Ethnic Groups in London PDF
2001 Ethnic Groups in London RTF
Third country nationals living in London 2000/01
This briefing presents a profile of third country nationals (non-EU citizens) living in London. The analysis is based on Labour Force Survey data for 2000/01 and presents a wide range of demographic and socio-economic data on this group of Londoners.
Third country nationals living in London 2000/01 PDF (251KB)
Third country nationals living in London 2000/01 RTF (3.1MB)
Women and the Labour Market
This report profiles London's women and their role in the labour market and is based on Labour Force Survey data for 2001/02. Analysis includes occupation, industry, earnings and explores the key factors which influence women's participation in the labour market.
Women and the Labour Market PDF (1.2MB)
Women and the Labour Market RTF (3.8MB)
Fertility of Ethnic Groups in London
This briefing describes the derivation of up-to-date age specific fertility rate structures and total fertility period rates for the whole London population and each of its ethnic groups. The analysis is based on the 2001 Census and information on deliveries from the Department of Health's Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) database.
Fertility of Ethnic Groups in London PDF (320KB)
Fertility of Ethnic Groups in London RTF (1.7MB)